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dc.contributor.advisorPinedo Hernández, José Joaquínspa
dc.contributor.authorMorfil Medina, Jesús Danielspa
dc.description.abstractThe presence and increase of emerging contaminants (EC) of pharmaceutical origin in water matrices have become a major environmental problem. These pharmaceutical pollutants are often persistent, come from various sources, and have gone almost unnoticed in recent years, as well as their effects on health and the environment. Therefore, it is essential to study and apply methodologies for the determination of these pollutants and, in the same way, mechanisms for their treatment that lead to a decrease in their environmental effects. This work was focused on reviewing the main methods for determining EC of pharmaceutical origin in water belonging to three therapeutic classes (antibiotics, analgesics & antihypertensives) and identifying efficient technologies for their treatment, and finally, evaluating the environmental impact. For this purpose, articles published mainly in the databases of Science Direct, Springer, Scopus, Scielo, etc. were collected. With a 5-year research window compared to the current one (2017-2021). In summary, this research and critical analysis of information play an important role as an orientation tool in the field of chemistry, when it comes to monitoring and treating emerging contaminants of pharmaceutical origin in water resourceseng
dc.description.tableofcontents1. INTRODUCCIÓN ----------9spa
dc.description.tableofcontents2. OBJETIVOS -----------------14spa
dc.description.tableofcontents2.1. Objetivo general----------------------------------------------------------------------------14spa
dc.description.tableofcontents2.2. Objetivos específicos---------------------------------------------------------------------- 14spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3. DESARROLLO DEL TEMA----------------------------------------------------------- 15spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.1. Capítulo I: métodos para la determinación de contaminantes emergentes de origen farmacéutico en el recurso hídrico----------------------------------------------------- 17spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.1.1. Cromatografía liquida y espectrometría de masas------------------------- 18spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.1.2. Cromatografía líquida y espectrofotometría-------------------------------- 21spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.1.3. Métodos electroquímicos-------------------------------------------------------- 22spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.2. Capítulo II: Alternativas para el tratamiento de contaminantes emergentes de origen farmacéutico en el recurso hídrico -----------------------------------------------------29spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.2.1. Procesos de oxidación avanzada (POA)-------------------------------------- 29spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.2.1.1. Fotocatálisis------------------------------------------------------------------------ 30spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.2.1.2. Fotólisis----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.2.1.3. Métodos Fenton------------------------------------------------------------------- 35spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3. Proceso electro-Fenton----------------------------------------------------------- 35spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3. Proceso sono-Fenton------------------------------------------------------------- 36spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.2.2. Procesos con adsorbentes-------------------------------------------------------- 37spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.2.3. Procesos biológicos--------------------------------------------------------------- 41spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3. Capitulo III: impacto ambiental de los contaminantes emergentes derivados de residuos farmacéuticos en el recurso hídrico------------------------------------------------- 42spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1. Presencia, efectos y evaluación de riesgos de los contaminantes farmacéuticos en aguas superficiales y subterráneas--------------------------------------- 42spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1.1. Interacciones con parásitos y efecto en el huésped------------------------- 42spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1.2. Interacciones con microplásticos y resistencia a los antibióticos-------- 43spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1.3. Riesgos en humanos y peces debido a la presencia en algunos ríos y efluentes de PTAR---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1.4. Contaminación de aguas subterráneas por infiltración------------------- 46spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1.5. Presencia y posibles riesgos en aguas para el consumo humano-------- 47spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1.6. Presencia y riesgo ambiental en aguas costeras y oceánicas------------- 48spa
dc.description.tableofcontents3.3.1.7. Evaluación de riesgos ambientales-------------------------------------------- 49spa
dc.description.tableofcontents4. CONCLUSIONES------------------------------------------------------------------------- 50spa
dc.description.tableofcontents5. REFERENCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS------------------------------------------------ 52spa
dc.rightsCopyright Universidad de Córdoba, 2022spa
dc.titleResiduos farmacéuticos como precursores de contaminantes emergentes en el recurso hídrico: una revisión de métodos, alternativas de tratamiento e impacto ambientalspa
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Pregradospa
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dc.rights.creativecommonsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)spa
dc.subject.proposalImpacto ambientalspa
dc.subject.proposalProductos farmacéuticosspa
dc.subject.proposalAmbiente acuáticospa
dc.description.resumenLa presencia y el aumento de contaminantes emergentes (CE) de origen farmacéutico en matrices de agua, se ha convertido en una gran problemática a nivel ambiental. Estos contaminantes farmacéuticos suelen ser persistentes, provienen de diversas fuentes y han pasado casi desapercibidos en los últimos años, así como sus efectos en la salud y el ambiente. Por lo tanto, se hace indispensable el estudio y aplicación de metodologías para la determinación de estos contaminantes y, de igual forma, mecanismos para su tratamiento que conlleven a una disminución de sus efectos ambientales. Este trabajo estuvo enfocado en revisar los principales métodos para la determinación de CE de origen farmacéutico en el agua, pertenecientes a tres clases terapéuticas (antibióticos, analgésicos & antihipertensivos) e identificar tecnologías eficientes para su tratamiento y finalmente, evaluar el impacto ambiental. Para tal fin, se recopilaron artículos publicados principalmente en las bases de datos de Science Direct, Springer, Scopus, Scielo, etc., con una ventana de investigación de cinco años respecto al actual (2017-2021). En síntesis, esta investigación y análisis crítico de información, juega un papel importante como herramienta de orientación en el campo de la química, a la hora de ejercer monitoreo y tratamiento para los contaminantes emergentes de origen farmacéutico en el recurso hí
dc.subject.keywordsEnvironmental impacteng
dc.subject.keywordsAquatic environmenteng
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ciencias Básicasspa
dc.publisher.placeMontería, Córdoba, Colombiaspa

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