Distribución espacial de la malaria en el departamento de Córdoba en el periodo 2015 – 2018
Helías Rodríguez, Rafael | 2021-07-09
Malaria is an infectious disease of parasitic origin caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium (P): P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae and P. knowlesi that infect female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, which feed of blood. This is present in places that have topographic, climatic and socio-economic conditions which allow the presence of these mosquito vectors that transmit this disease. The spatial distribution of the number of people infected by malaria in the municipalities of the department of Córdoba for the period from 2015 to 2018 was analyzed, as well as an analysis of the type of vivax malaria or falciparum malaria that predominates in the different subregions of the department of Córdoba. This study was carried out using spatial analysis techniques such as the Moran Index, which determined the spatial association that exists between the number of infected people and the south of the department in 2015-2018, where a trend towards spatial concentration in the municipalities of Tierralta, Valencia and Puerto Libertador, This is due to the fact that they are municipalities that are directly linked to the aforementioned physical - environmental factors given their proximity to the Paramillo National Natural Park.