Tendencias de investigación del cuidado paliativo en enfermería-revisión integradora
Ruiz Narvaez, Melissa Gisella | 2021-01-20
This integrative review addresses the articles published on palliative care in nursing. Objectives: To characterize the publications and describe the topics studied regarding palliative care in the nursing area, in the last five years. Methodology: Integrative review of the literature of articles published in Portuguese and Spanish languages. The Lilacs, Scielo, ProQuest, MetaRevistas and ScienceDirect databases were searched, selecting 23 articles that met the inclusion criteria. Results: In the investigations, the qualitative methodology prevailed and the majority were carried out in Brazil. The themes emerged from the analysis were organized in seven categories: experiences, attitudes and feelings; nursing knowledge about palliative care; perception of palliative care from the perspective of the nursing professional; perception of palliative care from the perspective of the family member; spirituality; academic training on palliative care, and quality of life. Conclusions: The thematic trend of the reviewed publications shows a variety of issues studied, with a predominance of issues inherent to the work of nursing professionals such as experiences, feelings, attitudes and their perception of the care provided to terminally ill patients. The perspective of the patient and her relatives has been less studied, considering the possibility of developing research in this area.