Revisión integradora sobre gestión de residuos hospitalarios entre los años 2015-2020
Díaz Guzmán, Neydis | 2023-01-01
Hospital waste and the like are those products generated from health activities, with the characteristic of being potentially contaminating as they have been used in clinical treatments, making them risky for both healthcare, administrative and general services staff as well as patients and visitors; hence the need to carry out a literary review in the Scopus, ScienceDirect and Embase databases of the scientific production (articles) associated with this topic during the period between 2015 - 2020; taking into account indicators such as the total number of articles published per year, number of citations received, main journals, average number of citations per year, name, country and institutional affiliation of the most cited authors; The foregoing will be useful for the academic community when conducting an exhaustive review of the subject that will allow evidence of its evolution and management over time. This qualitative systematic review has as its unit of analysis the publications (articles) identified with the descriptors Medical AND Waste; Health AND Care AND Waste; AND Waste Hospital. In addition, the Excel tool was used for data processing. The analysis of the literary review carried out concludes the important role of health institutions, hospitals, clinics, laboratories and the like in the management of their hospital waste, as well as the relevance of continuous training in these organizations for all collaborators in order to create social and environmental awareness. This study aims to contribute to the field of environmental management from the Health Administration of the University of Córdoba, and serve as a consultation for students and teachers and in the same way promote research.