Comportamiento epidemiológico de las infecciones de transmisión sexual prevalentes en el departamento de Córdoba – 2015 - 2019
Mendoza Blanco, José Luis | 2021-07-16
Analyze the epidemiological behavior of prevalent sexually transmitted infections in the department of Córdoba during the period 2015-2019. Methodology. Analytical-descriptive, epidemiological study, with a quantitative approach; The reference population was made up of the total number of records of cases registered in the database of the Epidemiological Surveillance System of the Department of Córdoba in the defined period, so no sample or sampling was required. For the statistical analysis of the data, the IBM Statistical Software, SPSS, was used in which the univariate analysis (descriptive statistics) and multivariate analysis (correlational analysis) were developed using Pearson's Chisquare and Cramer's V tests. Results. Most of the STI cases have occurred in the subsidized regime, with particular participation HIV AIDS (68.9%), gestational syphilis (22.8%) and in the uninsured poor population HIV/AIDS (45,1%) and gestational syphilis (37.8%). An association was identified between the patient's work occupation with the follow-up and final classification of the case, as well as with the age and date of initiation of the symptoms, starting from 2017, the trend is a clear increase in percentages between 3% and 5% between year and anus; the Cramer's V test (0.661) that the intensity or strength of the association between age and the most probable mode of transmission is high Conclusions. The Sexually Transmitted Infections with the highest prevalence in the Department of Córdoba are, in order of prevalence, HIV / AIDS, gestational syphilis, congenital syphilis and hepatitis. Such predominance may be due perhaps to being subject to mandatory epidemiological surveillance; the other STIs of interest are not listed in the databases.