Facilitadores y barreras en la adopción de prácticas preventivas del dengue en habitantes de Montería, Córdoba
Tuirán Cardona, Keyla del Carmen | 2021-07-25
Dengue has become a disease of interest in Public Health, the most important arbovirus of all time due to the socioeconomic burden it produces and the number of cases that are reported daily. To date, an effective vaccine has not been created for its cure or prevention, today it is known that safe practices at home and in the community to control its main vector, Aedes Aegypti, are the only effective way to prevent it since it may be present in containers resulting from human activity, among other factors. that favor its appearance such as climate change and sanitary conditions Objective: To determine the factors that act as facilitators and barriers in the adoption of daily preventive practices of dengue in families from Montería, Córdoba. Materials and methods: Quantitative, descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study, with a sample of187 individuals from Montería who suffered from dengue or a member of their family. The data were obtained through structured surveys through home visits and telephone calls. Results: a large percentage of individuals have good knowledge about dengue and how to prevent it, but risk behaviors persist, community participation to carry out preventive activities is very deficient, as well as the support, monitoring, evaluation and control by the authorities in the execution of dengue prevention campaigns or activities. Conclusions: more barriers were found than facilitators, which is why more regular interventions are necessary by the entities in charge of health education and strategies related to behavioral change.