Geohistoria del patrimonio arquitectónico de la ciudad de Montería (1850-1950)
Angulo García, Manuel Joaquín | 2020-10-05
Architectural patrimony as a material heritage of the past allows the construction of broad notions about the spatial- temporal experience of cities and the forms of habitability that have defined the subjects in terms of cultural spaces, economic interests and sociability with nature. The general purpose of this research is to characterize the development of the geo-historical processes that have structured the architectural heritage entityofthe cityof Montería in a temporal cut of a century (1850- 1950), studied from the following categories/dimensions: the system of objects, system of actions, spatial growth and iconography as aesthetic and bioclimatic perspective. Theoretically and methodically, the research started on the one hand, from the epistemological notions of geo-history problematized from the Braudelian perspective and, on the other, from Milton Santos' critical geography for the theoretical elaboration of the concept of territory
This in turn operated from a qualitative approach, using research techniques such as documentary review to situate itself in the geo-historical junctures that have defined this architectural materiality over a long period of time. Direct observation was vital for the study of the building formations and the identification of the elements that make them up, thus using cartographic, pictorial and photographic tools that made it possible to spatialize and localize natural (geographical) and artificial objects (architecture and other morphological elements of the city). There fore, the methodological approach sought to integrate aesthetic perspectives - from artistic techniques such as watercolor and photography - with geo-historical and architectural ones in order to understand how natural elements, human practices and the built/inhabited space are an integral part that mutates and manifests itself not only in architectural forms and contents but also in the relationships that subjects establish with the environment.