Riesgo suicida y factores asociados en estudiantes de 15 a 17 años de colegios públicos de Montería
Ursul, Anabella Fernanda | 2021-01-27
Background: suicide is a major public health problem. Nearly one million suicides are reported worldwide each year and is the second leading cause of death in 15- to 29-yearolds. A complex interaction of factors can act cumulatively to increase suicidal risk. Focusing on risks to suicide is the key to prevention. Objective: to assess suicidal risk and associated factors in students from 15 to 17 years of age from public schools in the city of Montería. Material and method: descriptive, quantitative cross-sectional study carried out in middle-school students (n-569) [34.7% male, 65.3% female], average age 15.82 years (DE 0.77). Suicidal risk was assessed across the Plutchick scale, and associated factors across validated scales adapted to the study population. Results: 28.8% of adolescents have suicidal risk on a Plutchik scale and as associated factors were found significant, female gender, having been a victim of displacement, family history of suicide, re-ongoing, frequent medication intake, family dysfunction, average of nine adverse events with traumatic potential, deficit in the use of stress coping strategies, signs and symptoms of depression and anxiety , risk consumption of alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and tranquilizers, bullying, cyberbullying and internet addiction. Conclusions: The suicide risk in the adolescent population of public schools in Montería is high purchased with similar populations.