El espacio regional de magangué(bolivar),en el contexto del sur de bolívar, la mojana y la depresión momposina, en el caribe colombiano
Garnica Berrocal, Rosana | 2018-08
The regional, subnational and supranational analysis has been present in the
conceptions of development in Latin America, especially between the sixties
and seventy of the twentieth century. It is at this moment when it reaches its greatest importance,
configuring a situation that would change with minimal expressions towards the decade of
the nineties (Moncayo, 2004), from the hegemony of neoliberalism and promotion without
limits of globalization.
Between the 1960s and 1970s, the Latin American and Caribbean region experienced the
acceleration of the processes of structural transformation of the economy and society, what
which manifested itself in urban dynamics and field-city migrations, processes
which stimulated significant growth of the main metropolises of the continent,
such as Mexico, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro or Buenos Aires (Máttar and Riffo, 2015).
From this dynamism began to increase the gaps of economic development
and social between the different regions, marking spatial organization patterns
unbalanced within Latin American countries, a situation that was sponsored by
a protective State, which promoted a policy of creating growth or development poles
based on the postulates of François Perroux. Thus, the concept of economic region is
presented as a field of forces where producers and consumers operate, which
relate to each other through flows of people and merchandise (Merchand, 2007).