Análisis de la política de seguridad del paciente en unidades renales
Díaz Correa, Lizeth María | 2021-01-26
Introduction: Concern for patient safety became a priority problem in emergency medicine and specifically in intensive care units (ICU) and renal units. Therefore, there are a number of circumstances that make the system even more vulnerable to error.
Objective: To analyze the information available about the patient safety policy in renal units in order to suggest actions that allow strengthening the patient safety policy.
Methodology: The type of study is descriptive, observational, monograph type of analysis of experiences. This method is suitable for the study because it allowed to focus the social and human perspective of the patients of the renal units. The corresponding population for this monograph was a total of 119 consulted bibliographic references, from the following databases: articles in academic Google, in Scielo, PROQUEST, and documentary materials obtained from the databases of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection.
Results: the information collected allows us to appreciate that the incidence of adverse events in patients with CKD varies in different studies, as well as in the use of different methods in their treatment. The impact that adverse events have on patients, the economic burden they imply for health services and the available evidence on measures to prevent them, have warned about the importance of including patient safety on the health policy agenda.
Conclusions: In the development of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, patients are exposed to adverse events generating a cost for the renal unit and the health system; It is for this need that the implementation of the patient safety policy is proposed and the patient safety policy is promulgated, through the design of an adverse event management system, adaptation of safe institutional and healthcare practices, socialization, dissemination and feedback of the patient safety policy.