Estrategias aplicadas para la prevención de embarazos en adolescentes: revisión integradora de literatura
Molina Núñez, Selena José | 2022-06-06
Introduction: Pregnancy in adolescence is considered a public health problem worldwide, because the age of pregnant women ranges between 15 and 19 years, generating great consequences for both the mother and the baby. The objective of the study focuses, in analyzing the scientific evidence on the strategies applied at a national and international level for the prevention of teenage pregnancy. Methodology: consists of a literature review, integrator type, based on study publications, scientific articles and research documents on strategies for the prevention of pregnancy in adolescents, applied nationally and internationally. For the collection of information for this study databases such as; PUBMED, SCIENCE DIRECT, SCIELO, EMBASE, BVS, LILACS, MEDLINE, PROQUEST and the Repository of the University of Córdoba. Results: Is obtained 76,246 publications. When applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 17 articles were selected. Of which; 13 (76.47%) they are in English and 4 (23.53%) they are in Spanish. The documents were published in; U.S, Peru, Colombia and Ghana. Conclusion: The most used strategies were digital and educational, implemented in institutions such as colleges and universities, which allow attracting a considerable number of participants. Reflecting a decline in teen pregnancies and, a significant increase in knowledge about family planning methods and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.